Pali Chosowa Mu Msika wa Graphite Electrode, Ndipo Chitsanzo Cha Short Supply Chidzapitilira

Msika wama graphite electrode, womwe udatsika chaka chatha, wasintha kwambiri chaka chino.
"M'chigawo choyamba cha chaka, ma elekitirodi athu a graphite anali osowa kwenikweni." Pomwe kusiyana kwa msika chaka chino kuli pafupifupi matani 100,000, zikuyembekezeka kuti ubale wolimba pakati pa kupezeka ndi zofuna upitilira.

Zimadziwika kuti kuyambira Januware chaka chino, mtengo wama graphite electrode ukukwera mosalekeza, kuyambira pafupifupi 18,000 yuan / ton koyambirira kwa chaka mpaka pafupifupi 64,000 yuan / ton pakadali pano, ndikuwonjezeka kwa 256%. Nthawi yomweyo, coke ya singano, monga chinthu chofunikira kwambiri cha graphite elekitirodi, yasowa, ndipo mtengo wake ukukwera njira yonse, yomwe yawonjezeka ndi zoposa 300% poyerekeza ndi koyambirira kwa chaka.
Kufunika kwa mabizinesi azitsulo otsika kumakhala kolimba

Graphite elekitirodi makamaka amapangidwa mafuta coke ndi singano coke monga zopangira ndi malasha phula phula monga binder, ndipo zimagwiritsa ntchito mu Arc steelmaking ng'anjo, adalowetsedwa Arc ng'anjo, kukana ng'anjo, etc. The graphite elekitirodi kwa steelmaking nkhani za 70% kuti 80% yakumwa kwathunthu kwa graphite elekitirodi.
Mu 2016, chifukwa chakuchepa kwa ntchito yopanga zitsulo za EAF, magwiridwe antchito am'makampani a kaboni adatsika. Malinga ndi ziwerengero, kuchuluka kwathunthu kwama voliyumu a graphite ku China kudatsika ndi 4.59% chaka ndi chaka mu 2016, ndipo kutayika konse kwamabizinesi khumi apamwamba a graphite electrode anali 222 miliyoni yuan. Makampani onse a kaboni akumenyera nkhondo kuti asunge gawo lawo pamsika, ndipo mtengo wogulitsa wa graphite electrode ndi wotsika kwambiri kuposa mtengo wake.

Izi zasintha chaka chino. Ndikukula kwa kusintha kwazinthu zogulitsa, mafakitale azitsulo ndi zitsulo akupitilizabe kutuluka, ndipo "zingwe zachitsulo" ndi mafelemu apakatikati atsukidwa bwino ndikukonzedwa m'malo osiyanasiyana, kufunika kwa ng'anjo zamagetsi m'mabizinesi azitsulo kwakula mwamphamvu, motero kuyendetsa kufunikira kwa ma elekitirodi a graphite, omwe amafunsidwa matani 600,000 pachaka.

Pakadali pano pali mabizinesi opitilira 40 okhala ndi ma graphite electrode opanga matani opitilira 10,000 ku China, omwe ali ndi mphamvu zokwana matani 1.1 miliyoni. Komabe, chifukwa champhamvu za oyang'anira zoteteza zachilengedwe chaka chino, mabizinesi opanga graphite elekitirodi ku zigawo za Hebei, Shandong ndi Henan ali m'malo ochepa opangira ndi kuyimitsa kupanga, ndipo kupanga kwa graphite elekitirodi wapachaka kukuyerekeza matani 500,000.
"Kusiyana kwa msika kwa matani 100,000 sikungathetsedwe ndi mabizinesi omwe akuwonjezera mphamvu za kupanga." Ning Qingcai ananena kuti mkombero kupanga mankhwala graphite elekitirodi nthawi zambiri kuposa miyezi iwiri kapena itatu, ndipo ndi mkombero katundu, n'zovuta kuonjezera voliyumu mu yochepa.
Makampani a kaboni achepetsa kupanga ndikutseka, koma kufunika kwa mabizinesi azitsulo kukukulira, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti graphite elekitironi ikhale chinthu chovuta pamsika, ndipo mtengo wake ukukwera njira yonse. Pakadali pano, mtengo wamsika wakula ndi nthawi 2.5 poyerekeza ndi Januware chaka chino. Mabungwe ena azitsulo amayenera kulipira pasadakhale kuti apeze katunduyo.

Malinga ndi omwe amakhala mkati mwamakampani, poyerekeza ndi kuphulika kwa ng'anjo, chitsulo chamagetsi chimapulumutsa kwambiri mphamvu, chosavuta chilengedwe komanso mpweya wochepa. China ikalowa mkatikati mwa kuchepa kwa matayala, chitsulo chamagetsi chimakwaniritsa chitukuko chachikulu. Akuyerekeza kuti kuchuluka kwake pazitsulo zonse zikuyembekezeka kuwonjezeka kuchokera ku 6% mu 2016 mpaka 30% mu 2030, ndipo kufunika kwama graphite electrode ndikadali kwakukulu mtsogolo.
Kuwonjezeka kwamitengo yazida zopangira kumtunda sikutsika

Kuwonjezeka kwa mtengo wa graphite electrode kunafalikira mwachangu kumtunda kwa unyolo wamafakitale. Chiyambireni chaka chino, mitengo yazipangizo zazikulu zopangira kaboni, monga petroleum coke, phula la malasha, calcined coke ndi singano coke, yakwera mosalekeza, ndikuwonjezeka kwapakati pa 100%.
Mutu wa dipatimenti yathu yogula anati "ikukwera". Malinga ndi omwe akuwayang'anira, pamaziko olimbikitsa kuweruziratu pamsika, kampani yatenga njira monga kugula pamtengo wotsika ndikuwonjezera kuchuluka kuti athe kuthana ndi kukwera kwamitengo ndikuwonetsetsa kuti ikupanga, koma kukwera kwakukulu kwa zinthuzo zoposa zomwe amayembekezera.
Mwa zinthu zomwe zikukwera, singano coke, monga chida chachikulu cha graphite elekitirodi, ili ndi kukwera mtengo kwakukulu, ndi mtengo wokwera kwambiri wokwera ndi 67% tsiku limodzi komanso wopitilira 300% mu theka la chaka. Amadziwika kuti singano coke amawerengera zoposa 70% ya mtengo wathunthu wa graphite elekitirodi, ndi zopangira za kopitilira muyeso-mkulu mphamvu graphite elekitirodi kwathunthu wapangidwa ndi coke singano, amene amadya matani 1.05 pa tani kopitilira muyeso-mkulu mphamvu graphite maelekitirodi.
Singano coke itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito m'mabatire a lithiamu, mphamvu ya nyukiliya, malo owuluka ndi malo ena. Ndi chinthu chosowa kunyumba ndi kunja, ndipo zambiri zimadalira kugula ku China, ndipo mtengo wake umakhalabe wokwera. Pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti ntchitoyi ipangidwe, mabizinesi a graphite electrode adalumikizana motsatana, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti mtengo wama coke wa singano uwonjezeke.
Zimamveka kuti pali mabizinesi ochepa omwe amapanga coke ya singano ku China, ndipo anthu m'makampani amakhulupirira kuti kuwonjezeka kwamitengo kumawoneka ngati mawu ofala. Ngakhale phindu la opanga zinthu zopangira zasintha kwambiri, zoopsa pamsika ndikugwiritsa ntchito kwamabizinesi am'munsi mwa kaboni zikukulirakulira.


Post nthawi: Jan-25-2021